Sanghar is situated in the Sindh province of Pakistan, Sanghar district is one of the largest districts of Sindh province, Sanghar is located in the centre of Sindh province and is bounded by India from the east. Sanghar itself is a small city situated about 35 miles south east of Nawabshah. The primary industry of Sanghar is agriculture.
Sanghar is an agriclutural town situated about 265 km’s away from Karachi, there is not any railway station and airport connecting the city, but there are road links with Hyderabad, Nawabshah, Mirpur Khas and other major cities of Sindh.
Sanghar has a unique place in history, as it has served as the headquarters’ of the Militant freedom fighters “Hurs”. The Hur movement started during the 2nd world war when the British in the sub continent were busy fighting with the German’s.
Sanghar is a very unique ethnic community in the Sindh province. People from every community are found in Sanghar enjoying cordial of the relationships, even the Hindus are very well and happily settled here, and most doctors in Sanghar are Hindus.
Nowadays Sanghar is seeing conditions very much similar to ruins, there are barely any road inside the city that is complete, Sanghar faced a lot of problems during the floods that hit the Sindh province in 2010, due to which a lot of people suffered the devastation.
After the 1853 invasion by Charles Napier, Sindh was divided into provinces and was assigned Zamindars, also known as “Wadera”, to collect taxes for the British. Sindh was later made part of British India’s Bombay Presidency, and became a separate province in 1935. During this period Sanghar obtained the status of Taluka, an administrative subdivision, and was alternatively included in districts of Nawabshah and Tharparkar. In 1954 it was given the status of District Headquarters.
The Hurs, played a vital role in independence of Pakistan. The Hurs were an organised military rebel group led by Pir Syed Sabghatullah Shah Pagaro shaheed, popularly known as Pir Pagara that sought independence from the British Raj (Colonist). They fought guerilla warfare against the British military, and were always a thorn in the side of British Raj. It has been said that this warfare was one of the major nail in the coffin of British Raj in India.
According to the legend the bodies of Sohni Mahiwal, the titular heroes of one of the four popular tragic romances of Sindh, were recovered from the river Indus near Shahdadpur city and are buried there. The Tomb of Sohni is situated in Shahdadpur, which are 40 km from Sanghar and 75 km from Hyderabad.