Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and the main financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. The city has an estimated population of 13 to 15 million, while the total metropolitan area has a population of over 18 million. Karachi is the most populous city in the country, one of the world’s largest cities in terms of population and also the 10th largest urban agglomeration in the world, many scholars are of the view that the general conversion to Islam in the Subcontinent started on a sizable scale from the 13th century, after the Ghurid rule. This period coincides with the arrival of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti and the Suharawardy Sufis. This period also witnessed the expansion of Muslim power across the Sutlaj into northern India. In addition to Punjab, Sindh also claims the distinction of being the centre of Indian Sufism. According to Hassan Nizami, Suharawardy Sufis were the first to arrive in India and made their headquarters in Sindh. Karachi houses the Shrine of Abdullah Shah Ghazi in Clifton.
Abdullah Shah Ghazis Shrine: Abdullah Shah Ghazi was a Patron saint of Sindh, there are two stories stated about Abdullah Shah Ghazi’s early life, Abdullah Shah Ghazi’s real name was Syed Abu Muhammad Abdullah Al Ishtar who was the son of Muhammad al-Nafs Zakkiya, it is heard that he was born in Madina in 720 and arrived in Sindh at the age of 40 around the year 760, it is heard that he was a merchant as he brought in a large number of horses which he had bought from Kufa, Iraq, He was given a warm welcome by the people of Sindh as he belonged to the Saadat family.
Secondly it is stated that Abdullah Shah Ghazi was a a general named as Genral Abdullah bin Nabhan who came in Sindh along with a senior commander Badil Bin Tuhafa, both these came Sindh to launch a military expedition against Raja Dahir who was the ruler of Sindh that time, Raja Dahir was seen encouraging the pirates to raid on Arab ships. General Abdullah helped Muhammad Bin Qasim to the conquest of Sindh.
Abdullah Shah Ghazi is renown around Pakistan and around the Muslim world, his Devotees visit the Shrine from all across Pakistan and even many parts of the World, a lot of non-Muslim devotees follow Abdullah Shah Ghazi as he promoted peace, Love and Harmony as well. Abdullah Shah Ghazi’s shrine is situated in the Coast of Karachi, the Shrine is dated back to 1400 years ago, The Brother of Abdullah Shah Ghazi, Misry Shah is also remembered as a saint and he is also buried next to the Karachi coast.
Devotees from throughout Pakistan visit the Shrine each year to grant their wishes, Each year a festival(Urs) is held at the Shrine for 3 days dating from 20-22 Dhu al-Hijjah – 12th month of the Islamic calendar, marking the anniversary of Abdullah Shah Ghazi.